The venue deals with the location of a lawsuit, that is, where a lawsuit can be filed or initiated. It involves deciding which district (federal court) or county (state court) is appropriate, usually based on where the matter occurred or the defendant's place of residence. A case can only occur at a certain location. The venue is the actual physical place where a trial will take place.
Jurisdiction is the authority of a court to hear a particular case. In a civil case, the place of celebration is usually the place where the plaintiff or defendant resides. In a criminal case, this is usually the place where the crime occurred. If the case involves any type of real estate, the right place is usually the place where the property is located.
Remember that there is no right place for a case. There are often several options based on many different factors. A court must have jurisdiction over the parties, so determining it first can help to choose the right place. The subject matter and personal jurisdiction must be taken into account.
A change of venue may be granted more frequently in state courts than in federal courts if the defendant proves that there is bias or if he fails to obtain an impartial jury. The Supreme Court is competent to hear any case if it issues an order of certiari. That means they will hear the case in a lower appellate court. The venue is the appropriate or most convenient place for the trial of a case.
It is the place where a case is known. It refers to the appropriate jurisdiction and court that may hear a specific claim. It refers to the geographical location of the court where a specific lawsuit is initiated. For a judgment to be valid, there is no constitutional requirement that establishes a proper place.